John Crawford Vaughn
Civil War Biography
Submitted by Jill Stafford
Taken from "Historical Times Illustrated Encylopedia of the Civil War
Patricia I. Faust, Editor
Vaughn, John Crawford CSA b. Roane Cty., Tenn, 24 Feb 1824. Vaugh fought in the Mexican Wr as a captain in the 5th Tenn-
essee and during the 1850s was a merchant. While visiting Charleston, S.C., Apr 1861, he witnessed the reduction of Fort Sumter. After returning home, he recruited a regiment in East Tennessee, a strong Union area, and 6 June mustered into Confederate service as colonel of the 3rd Tennessee. Vaughn
and his regiment were ordered to Virginia, where they served
under Gen. Joseph E. Johnston at Harpers Ferry and at First
Bull Run. In spring 1862, Vaughn transferred to his native
On 22 Sept. he received his promotion to brigadier general and
the command of a brigade with which he participated in the Vicksburg Campaign and surrendered 4 July 1863.
Following his exchange, he commanded a cavalry brigade to
eastern Tennessee and southwestern Virginia. His troopers
fought at Piedmont, Va., 5 June 1864, opposing the advance
of Maj. Gen. David Hunter's Union army. In July his brigade participated in Lt. Gen. Jubal A. Early's rain on Washington,
D.C. During the 1864 Shenandoah Valey Campaign, Vaughn
suffered a wound near Martinsburg, W. Va., which temporarily
incapacitated him. When he recovered, he replaced Brig. Gen
John Hunt Morgan, who had been killed, as commander of
Confederate forces in East Tennessee. After the surrender of Confederate forces in Virginia, he joined Johnston in North
Carolina. His brigade formed part of the escort as President
Jefferson Davis fled. Vaughn was paroled at Washington,
During the postwar years, the Confederate general lived
alternately in his native state in and Georgia. He served one
term as presiding officer of the Tennessee senate, dying on his Georgia plantation near Thomasville, 10 Sept, 1875.
Any questions, suggestions, corrections, or additional
information, contact me, Linda CONAWAY Welden at:
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