Civil War Biography
Alfred Jefferson Vaughan Jr.
Submitted by Jill Stafford
Taken from "Historical Times Illustrated Encylopedia of the Civil War;
Patricia I. Faust, Editor
Vaughan, Alfred Jefferson, Jr. CSA b. Dinwiddie Cty., Va.,
10 May 1830 to 1851 Vaughan graduated from the Virginia
Military Institute as senior captain of cadets.
Entering civil engineering, he migrated to California as a
deputy U. S. surveyor, then served on the staff of an official
of the fledgling Northern Pacific Railroad before settling in
Marshall Cty., Miss., as a planter.
When both his native and adopted states seceded in 1861
Vaughan abandoned the Unionist views he had earlier
espoused and raised acompany of Mississippians. Finding
the state unable to arm and equip his men, he led them north;
they were mustered into Confederate service as part of the
13th Tennessee Infantry, with vaughan their captain.
Vaughan had a varied and active war career. Elected
lieutenant colonel June 1861, he served in regimental or
brigade command during almost every major contest in the
Western theater, including Belmont, Shiloh, Perryville,
Chickamauga, and Missionary Ridge, and the first half of
the Atlanta Campaign. During that period he had no fewer
than 8 horses shot under him, winning the reputation of a
"fighting officer". Perhaps his most dramatic service came
at Shiloh, where, 6 Apr. 1862, he led his troops in a charge
against the Union right, routing an Ohio regiment and
causing a nearby battery to abandon 3 of its guns.
For his able service in brigade command at Chickamauga
Vaughan was commissioned a brigadier as of 18 Nov. 1863.
Thereafter, he led 6 Tennessee regiments in the corps of Maj.
Gen. John C. Breckinridge and later in Lt. Gen. William J.
Hardee's Corps/Army of Tennessee. It was under Hardee that
he saw his last day of field service. On 4 July 1864, as the
Confederates resisted the advance of Maj. Gen. William T.
Sherman's forces at Vining's Station, on the Western and
Atlantic Railroad between Marietta and Atlanta, Vaughan
was permantly disabled by an exploding shell that tore off
his leg. After recovering from the wound, he returned to
farming in Mississippi.
In later life he became active in the Grange movement,
opened a mercantile firm in Memphis, and was twice elected
clerk of the criminal court of Shelby Cty., Tenn.
Until his death in Indianapolis, Ind., 1 Oct, 1899, he also
headed the Tennessee chapter of the United Confederate
Any questions, suggestions, corrections, or additional
information, contact me, Linda CONAWAY Welden at:
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